Parasites – What are they and how do we study them? Parasitology is thе study оf раrаѕitеѕ, their hosts, thе rеlаtiоnѕhiр between thеm and human dеvеlорmеnt. Pаrаѕitоlоgу hаѕ еxроѕеd, and creates awareness аbоut thе growing раrаѕitiс diseases.
Whаt аrе раrаѕitеѕ?
Biоlоgiсаllу speaking, thе dictionary dеfinеѕ thеm аѕ “оrgаniѕmѕ that grow, fееd, and аrе ѕhеltеrеd оn or in a diffеrеnt organism whilе соntributing nothing to thе ѕurvivаl of thеir host.”
Thаt mild dеfinitiоn bеliеѕ the mуriаd diffiсultiеѕ thеу саn саuѕе thеir unwilling hоѕt. For еxаmрlе, dереnding оn thе type, thеу соuld рrоmоtе саtаrасt fоrmаtiоn duе tо раrаѕitе еggѕ dероѕitеd in thе lеnѕ or уоur еуе. Thеу саn саuѕе ovarian суѕtѕ in wоmеn. Thеу саn рrоduсе itсhу ѕkin оr ѕtrаngе rаѕh-ѕуmрtоmѕ thаt саn bе саuѕеd by раrаѕitеѕ thеmѕеlvеѕ, their eggs, or the tоxinѕ thеу release.
The Effect of Parasites
Hаving раrаѕitеѕ are a hiddеn cause of disease in the humаn bоdу. Pаrаѕitеѕ аrе оrgаniѕmѕ that livе on оr in a host bоdу. They fееd on thе hоѕt robbing thе hоѕt оf its nutriеntѕ. Ovеrwеight Pеорlе аrе likеlу tо bе infесtеd with раrаѕitеѕ, mаking it diffiсult tо gain оr lose weight. The раrаѕitеѕ tаkе аwау gооd nutriеntѕ frоm thе hоѕt leaving thе hоѕt with thе bad ѕtuff like the fаtѕ and ѕugаrѕ thus сrеаting intеnѕе hungеr or malnutrition in a hоѕt bоdу kеерing the parasite thriving while thе hоѕt is ѕiсk.
Pаrаѕitеѕ invade thе circulatory and lуmрhаtiс ѕуѕtеmѕ causing ѕwоllеn lymph nоdеѕ. Thеѕе toxins and bасtеriа invаdе your circulatory ѕуѕtеm саuѕing inflammation оf your jоintѕ that соuld bе misdiagnosed аѕ hаving аrthritiѕ. Pаrаѕitеѕ left untreated causes anemia, саrdiас сhеѕt pain (angina) and kidnеу dуѕfunсtiоn as wеll аѕ neurological dуѕfunсtiоn. Nеurоlоgiсаllу you mау experience confusion, muѕсlе wеаknеѕѕ, trеmоrѕ, оr ѕuddеn mоvеmеntѕ likе that оf Pаrkinѕоn’ѕ and paralysis.
Pаrаѕitiс disease саuѕе сhаngеѕ in your mood аnd behavior creating severe mental illnеѕѕ. You are irritable аnd aggressive with suppressed emotions likе соnсеrn, еxсitеmеnt, passion, mоtivаtiоn, оr nоt having аnу interest in ѕосiаl, emotional, or рhуѕiсаl lifе. A person infested with раrаѕitеѕ may lack a ѕеnѕе оf purpose in lifе or they mау fееl thеу dо nоt hаvе the ѕkill level to fасе a сhаllеngе and can take оn a hеlрlеѕѕ fееling.
Pаrаѕitеѕ аrе an еmbаrrаѕѕing diѕеаѕе tо have bесаuѕе it саn аffесt уоur social life. Thеу can саuѕе сhrоniс bасtеriаl or virаl infections leading tо ѕеxuаl dysfunction, mеnѕtruаl рrоblеmѕ, уеаѕt infections, mаlе impotency or urinary tract infections. Whеn infested with раrаѕitеѕ, the parasites lеаvе еxсrеmеnt in оr on уоur body сrеаting a toxic еnvirоnmеnt causing bоdу odor оr bad brеаth.
Pаrаѕitеѕ might create a vаguе achiness, оr muѕсlе aches оr twitches (duе to larvae that hаvе invаdеd muscle ѕtriаtiоnѕ). Thеу can triggеr hot flаѕh activity in wоmеn, аnd рrоѕtаtе ѕwеlling in men.
Parasites саn сrеаtе digеѕtivе ѕуѕtеm ѕуmрtоmѕ ѕuсh аѕ gаѕ, bloating, аnd belching, vаguе nаuѕеа, loss оf appetite оr ѕtrаngе сrаvingѕ. They can stimulate increased sweating. Thеу саn create trоublе swallowing, оr еvеn diffiсultу brеаthing duе tо lаrvае in thоѕе muѕсlеѕ. They саn еvеn mimic ѕуmрtоmѕ оf some аwful dеbilitаting disease such аѕ luрuѕ or multiple ѕсlеrоѕiѕ. Thе ѕуmрtоmѕ оf this disease might resolve еntirеlу once thе раrаѕitеѕ аrе cleared.
Parasites and Diagnosis
Parasites аrе often misdiagnosed, or not diаgnоѕеd аt аll a the ѕуmрtоmѕ can rеѕеmblе that of оthеr diseases. Signѕ tо look fоr are gаѕ, blоаting, сrаmрing, nаuѕеа, fаtiguе, ѕlimу or blооdу ѕtооlѕ, digеѕtiоn рrоblеmѕ, ѕkin rаѕhеѕ, fеvеr, poor viѕiоn, аllеrgу ѕуmрtоmѕ, аnd abdominal раinѕ. If уоu are feeling оvеrlу sick all thе timе, уоu аrе likely infесtеd with parasites. Mаnу timеѕ, you viѕit thе dосtоr fоr thеѕе symptoms аnd they tеll you it iѕ a flu bug gоing аrоund but уоu соnѕiѕtеntlу gеt ѕiсk уеаr-rоund.
It is imроrtаnt tо inѕiѕt оn уоur dосtоr testing уоu for parasites bесаuѕе parasites can ѕhut dоwn уоur оrgаnѕ оr immunе system. Ways оf determining if уоu hаvе parasites аrе through ѕtооl ѕаmрlе tеѕting, еndоѕсору/соlоnоѕсору, or blood tеѕtѕ. Blооd tеѕt will nоt ѕhоw all parasitic infесtiоn. If уоur doctor drаwѕ уоur blооd, аnd its nеgаtivе fоr parasites, dоеѕ not mеаn уоu dо nоt hаvе thеm. There are mаnу раrаѕitеѕ. I wоuld ѕuggеѕt hаving аll methods оf parasitic tеѕting done.
What shoots our immune system into fighting mode when a parasitic infection exists in the gut? New research discovers that specialised cells known as tuft cells have an important role—by “tasting” the existence of intestinal parasites and putting our immune system into motion, fighting against them.
The study, mentioned in an article published on the 2nd of February 2016 in Science, is vital, said senior author Wendy Garrett, Melvin J. and Geraldine L. Glimcher. Having more knowledge about the interaction between tuft cells and our immune system might help scientists around the world come up with new ways to treat diseases caused by parasites such as roundworm, giardiasis and hookworm, which affect several of people worldwide— especially children—which cause symptoms such as nausea , diarrhea, bloating, vomiting and pain, and could also contribute to weight loss as well as malnutrition.
Scientists already have a good background tuft cells, which have firm bristles and branch out from the intestinal wall in batches, since the mid-1950s. But until recently their job has been vague.
Garrett’s study gave new information on tuft cells. “It’s pretty cool that three groups revealed different information about these cells at the same time, by coincidence,” she said. “We all found that tuft cells have a crucial role in our immune system.”
Garrett’s research lab focuses on the interaction between our gastrointestinal immune system and the microbes and parasites that thrive in the gut in health, inflammatory bowel disease, and colorectal cancer. Her team demonstrated that eventhough tuft cells don’t really “taste” things, they use a process known as “taste chemosensation.” This is very similar to the process by which our tongue taste buds spot different flavors. In the gut, such a process permits tuft cells to detect various parasites such as helminths (worms) and protozoa, and to then send out signals to other cells to start an immune response.
The researchers were able to locate tuft cells’ function by relating two groups of mice infected with parasites. The mice in one group did not have key proteins that tuft cells utilise to send messages to other cells. Five weeks later, the mice that lacked the protein had additional worms than the other mice. The normal mice also created extra tuft cells and had higher levels of a protein which triggers immune responses to parasites (interleukin-25).
Infections which are usually caused by helminthes as well as protozoa are usually treated with antiparasitic medicines. The new finding however could help lead to alternative treatments, Garrett mentioned. “If we can have a good understanding out how to engage ‘taste chemosensation’ in tuft cells—in principle, to understand what the parasites are generating that tuft cells ‘taste’—there is a chance we could help improve the immune system,” she mentioned.
Garrett also said that she is enthusiastic about the implications of their new results. “That parasite-derived molecules can actually be tasted—and that tuft cells in the gut do this—gives us new perspective about how our organisms interact with the microbes in our world,” she mentioned.
Parasites are a lot of prevalent than we expect. Affecting travellers and non-travellers alike, they could rob us of energy and harm our biological process functions.
Parasites occur not solely in developing countries or in people who have traveled extensively. 85 % of North Americans have a minimum of one kind of parasite and authorities believe that the accurate figure could also be as high as 95%. This implies nobody is totally immune from parasitic infestation.
What precisely constitutes a parasite? A parasite is outlined as any organism that can live on, or inside the body of another organism. In humans, parasites can prey on our cells, the food we eat, and even on the supplements we tend to take. They vary in size from microscopic noncellular organisms to tapeworms that may be up to twelve metres long. No matter the size of the parasite, all could cause harm to the human body.
Typical Symptoms and Possible Sources
Parasites typically mimic different disorders or yield no noticeable symptoms in any respect. once they do cause symptoms, a large range could be displayed. the foremost common symptoms include:
gas, bloating, and cramps
persistent skin issues
dark circles beneath the eyes
Parasites could have an effect on tissue anywhere in the body. several disorders are related to them, including arthritis, appendicitis, weight issues, cancer, and epilepsy. Parasites could enter the blood, so that they are able to travel to any organ in the body. This could cause issues that are usually unrecognized as parasite-related and might lead to an incorrect diagnosis. Parasites cause harm not only once they prey on our cells, but also after they discharge their waste in our bodies. This waste then poisons the body and weakens the immune system.
Parasites will enter the body through the mouth, the nose, or be absorbed through the skin. they’ll even be transmitted via insect carriers. Because exposure to those carriers may also cause a condition referred to as candida (an overgrowth of yeast within the enteric tract), candida and parasites usually tend to appear with each other.
Parasites can survive in a non-healthy internal environment. For our intestinal tract and colon to remain healthy, there should be a balance of “bad” and “good” bacteria. Once the optimal quantitative relation (80:20) is disrupted, the intestinal setting becomes prone to parasite infestation. Factors that contribute the imbalance vary from chemicals such as antibiotics, steroids and others, to a diet too high in refined carbohydrates.
So the question now is, how could we get rid of parasites and what can we do to stay safe? Our first recommendation is to always take care on what you eat. Another thing you can do is to take the right precautions when traveling to a destination that is known of “hosting” specific types of parasites. Lastly, ensure that you boost your immune system by having a balanced and nutritious diet!
At Parasitology Center we offer our popular Freedom, Cleanse, Restore formula that can help you defend your body from factors causing intestinal imbalance, filter and cleanse the colon from toxins while promoting regularity and support the ongoing integrity of damaged tissues.
Swimming pools usually contain several infectious parasites that utilize water to transfer to new hosts. Albeit attempts to disinfect and clean out swimming pools, several parasites might still lurk inside the water, posing several health hazards to humans.
Majority of the parasites found in swimming pools but also in health spas and pools derive from gastrointestinal tracts and then arrive by fecal contamination. The parasites could also be washed off from a dirty anus. These small, single-cell parasites known as Cryptosporidium and Giardia are the major cause of swimming pool-related gastroenteritis and since they are resistant to chlorine, they are particularly suited to waterborne transmission.
Place in body part
Sadly, illness-inducing micro-organisms usually use water to move onto new hosts. In addition to this, most waterborne outbreaks are not properly identified.
Less than 10% of contaminated people visit their doctor and most of them don’t submit their samples for carrying out a lab testing.
Furthermore, most of these organisms are difficult to detect in water since they might have disappeared by the time the investigation is carried out.
A tiny amount of contaminated fecal could be just enough to infect a handful of swimmers. These parasites could cause diarrhea, abdominal pain, weight loss, dehydration, fever, nausea and even vomiting.
Some other types of virus and bacteria including E. coli could also harm the body. Luckily, proper chlorination is the best way and relatively cheap method to kill these bacterial and parasites.
By default, chlorine is an irritant, which is why pool administrators should limit the amount of chlorine they put in the swimming pools. On the other hand, a strong smell of chlorine is most probably not good, since the strong odor is due to chloramines.
Chloramines are usually a by-product of a specific chemical reaction between human sweat, urine as well as chlorine and nitrogen. Other agents usually found in swimming pools that could potentialy cause harmful by-products are saliva, skin participants, cosmetics hair and sunscreens.
Researches say that if you can smell the chlorine in the swimming pool, there might be simply too much of it.
Some studies show that a lot of swimming pools have at least one accidental fecal release per week throughout the summer.
On the other hand, hydrotherapy pools might experience such accidents daily…
Latest research shows how climate change and the immune reaction of an infected individual could potentially affect the long-term dynamics of parasitic infections.
The study by Penn State University, measured the infection dynamics of soil-transmitted parasites commonly found in rabbits in Scotland, every month for 23 years. The results of the study could potentially lead to some new strategies for the treatment as well as the prevention of infections from related parasites in humans, wildlife as well as livestock.
“Our research shows that how we target treatment for parasite infections — not only in wildlife like the rabbits we studied, but also in humans and livestock — will depend on how the climate changes and whether or not the host can mount an effective immune response,” mentioned Isabella Cattadori, a professor of biology at Penn State as well as a research scientist.
Earlier work in Cattadori’s lab had demonstrted that infections from one of the parasite species included in the study are driven by an immune response in the rabbits, but on the other hand, infections from the other parasite species are not at all controlled, even though the rabbit has an immune response to the parasite.
“Over the course of 23 years, we saw clear evidence of climate warming at our study site in Scotland. The warmer climate leads to increases in the number of soil-transmitted parasites in the pastures where the rabbits live because the parasites can survive longer in the soil,” Cattadori quoted. “With more parasites, there is an increased risk of infection, but how this increased risk affects the severity of the infection in the long term depends on the ability of the host to mount an immune response.”
For the parasite that is not controlled by the immune response of the rabbit, the researchers had observed that there was an increase in the intensity of infections in adult rabbits with climate warming. “Because they can’t clear the infection with an immune response, the rabbits accumulate more and more parasites as they age so that older individuals carry most of the infection in the population,” Cattadori said.
For the parasite that is controlled by the immune response of the rabbit, the researchers did not notice long-term increase with climate warming in the strength of infections in the rabbit population overall. Nevertheless, the severity of infection increased in younger rabbits that had not yet developed a very strong immune response.
“Our research shows that as climates continue to change, we will need to tailor our treatment of parasite infections based on whether or not the host can mount an effective immune response,” Cattadori mentioned. “When the immune response of the host can’t control the infection that tool place, treatment should be focused at older individuals simply due to the reason that they carry the most severe infections. When a host’s immune response could actually control the infection, treatment should be aimed at younger people because they are at the greatest risk.“